• The area on board a vessel where the ship's crew members gather to eat their meals.
  • Also Mi'kmaq.One tribe of the Wabanaki Confederation. The original inhabitants of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick with some living in Maine and Newfoundland.
  • A subregion of Oceania, comprising thousands of small islands in the western Pacific Ocean. It is distinct from Melanesia to the south, and Polynesia to the east. The Philippines lie to the west, and Indonesia to the southwest.
  • In Maine, generally refers to the area between the Kennebec and Penobscot Rivers.
  • Dump for household waste; shell middens are piles of discarded mollusk shells.
  • A naval officer trainee; the lowest rank of an officer, midshipmen take their name from their stations amidships on a sailing warship. In the age of sail, a midshipman could be as young as 10 or 12, so that by the time they stood for a Lieutenant's examination they could have five years or more of seafaring experience and training. The term Midshipman is now used for students at naval academies.

  • In the past, a woman trained to deliver babies; now a nursing specialty requiring advanced education.
  • Millinery shop, milliner
    The making and selling of hats.
  • An island in the Mediterranean Sea, part of the Balearic Archipelago belonging to Spain. Minorca is so named because it is smaller than its neighboring island Majorca.
  • mizen
    The mizzen itself is the gaff sail flown from the mizzenmast of a bark or barkentine or the fore and aft sail set on the mizzenmast of a ketch or yawl.
  • The rigging attached to the mizzenmast.
  • mizzen staysail
    A small sail sometimes placed forward of the mizzenmast.
  • The mizzenmast is the aftermost mast on a three-masted sailing ship. On a sailing ship with more than 3 masts it is the third mast from the bow. On a ketch or yawl, which have two masts with the forward one the taller, the mizzenmast is the after mast.
  • A thick syrup produced during the sugar refining process.
  • A soft bodied invertebrate animal often with one or two hard shells. Familiar mollusks are shellfish such as clams, oysters, mussels; squid and octopi; and sea slugs, snails and limpets.
  • A large single block of stone.
  • The seasonal winds of the Indian Ocean and southeast Asia, blowing from the southwest in summer and the northeast in winter.
  • The capital city of Uruguay, a country north of Argentina, on the Atlantic coast of South America.
  • Home of General Henry Knox, in Thomaston, Maine.
  • Pierre du Gua de Monts

    c.1558-1628. French nobleman, trader, and colonial leader. After making several voyages to Canada, in 1603 he was granted a trading monopoly, appointed lieutenant-general and tasked with establishing a 60 person colony by the French king Henry VI.

    Organized a private merchant-backed company to finance the venture, and hired Samuel Champlain as geographer and cartographer.

    Sailed with two ships in March of 1604. Explored the Nova Scotia Coast and the Bay of Fundy, and established a colony on St. Croix Island in June. Winter was quite hard and they finally were trapped on the island by ice. Half the colonists died. When spring came, and a relief force from France arrived, the colony was shifted to Annapolis Royal on the Nova Scotia coast. Champlain continued his mapping and survey of the region, and Pierre du Gua de Monts returned to France to continue and strengthen the financial backing of the venture.

    De Monts is the person that demonstrated that colonization was possible. He was directly responsible for the initial French settlement of Canada.

  • Method of transmitting information using just on and off pulses, with a code based on how long these pulses are on. These pulses can be light, sound, radio waves or electrical pulses. Created for the telegraph in the 1830s it was used extensively for radio communication before voice and other communication techniques. Now largely obsolete as a communication tool it has still specialized uses such as lighted aids to navigation.
  • A mixture of lime and/or cement, with sand and water, used as a bond between bricks or stones.
  • mother caries chicken
    Sailors' nickname for the storm petrel, a sea bird.
  • Captain Henry Mowat

    1734-1798. British Royal Navy officer active in New England during the American Revolution. In 1775, as a Lieutenant acting under orders to harass the coast, he burned Falmouth (Portland). By 1779 he was a commander and with three small ships successfully defended Castine against the Penobscot Expedition. By 1796 he had become the senior officer in command of the North American station.

  • A bony fish with a stout, elongated body.
  • A disease caused by the mumps virus. Before the development of vaccination and the introduction of a mumps vaccine, it was a common childhood disease and is still a significant threat to health in third world countries. Mumps can include painful swelling of the salivary glands, painful testicular swelling, and rash.
  • Small centerboard sloop, about 20 feet long, built for fishing in the Muscongus and Penobscot Bay areas in the middle years of the 19th century. Year round demand for lobsters required bigger fishing boats, and the Muscongus sloop became enlarged to the Maine sloop boat also known as the Friendship sloop, a keel sloop of 30 feet or more.

  • A bivalve mollusk with a number of species found in both fresh and salt water. Of commercial interest in Maine is the blue mussel, found in natural mussel beds and raised in aquaculture.