K-2 Learning Results

K-2 Learning Results

This section has been updated to include the new Maine Learning Results, "Parameters for Essential Instruction," which were adopted by the state legislature in 2007. They are presented at the level of Development Standards. The 1997 Performance Indicators have been condensed slightly to conserve space.

Please note that the 1997 Learning Results are divided into Grades 3-4 and 5-8, whereas the 2007 Learning Results are divided into Grades 3-5 and 6-8.

The Common Core State Standards were added in 2012.

Career Preparation  1997
B-2: Preparation necessary for a career of interest.
B-3: Personal strengths and interests.
Career and Education Development  2007
A4.   Career and Life Roles
C3.   Influences on Decision-Making

Common Core State Standards-English Language Arts 2012 

The CCSI College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for English Language Arts  and Literacy in History/Social Studies/, Science, and Technical Subjects for Grades K – 5 cover Speaking and Listening, Reading Literature and Informational Texts, Language, Writing, and Foundational Skills (Foundational Skills are for grades K – 2 only.)  All of the standards within the ELA categories may be addressed using the content provided in Marine Art, depending on the activities implemented by the teacher. Some suggested activities are provided online, but many more are possible, especially using the books listed in the Resource Section. Therefore, it is not possible to closely align CCSI ELA standards with the Web chapters, as any or all of the standards may well apply.

Where to Find More Detailed Maritime History/CCSI ELA Alignment

In contrast to Penobscot Bay History Online, Penobscot Marine Museum’s Maritime History and Literacy Curriculum uses the online maritime history content as the jumping-off point for an actual curriculum. The Curriculum is available as museum-taught units or in the form of “History Kits” that may be rented by classrooms. Each Curriculum unit offers six weeks’ worth of lesson plans including literacy activities, games, and projects designed to help students learn about a topic and practice literacy skills at the same time.  In contrast to the chapters of Penobscot Bay History Online, which are intended to provide an overview of a topic, the Curriculum is sequential, detailed, and activity-based, and includes essential questions and suggested assessments. It is directed at elementary age students. Each unit of the Curriculum includes a listing of specific CCSI ELA and Math objectives that correspond with the activities within that unit. Each unit also includes the relevant Maine Learning Results for other content areas. The online chapters, on the other hand, constitute a resource for teachers, students, and anyone interested in history.

The Marine Art chapter on the website does not directly correspond to a History Kit; however, we include a “Be a Port Painter” activity in our Life at Sea Kit, as well as offering this as a short program.

Mathematics 1997
E-1: Describe, model, and classify 2D shapes and selected 3D figures.
E-2: Combining, dividing, and changing 2D shapes.
E-3: Positional words to describe the relationship of objects
G-1: Recognize, describe, extend, copy, and create patterns.
I-1: Classify objects into groups using attributes.

Mathematics  2007
C1.   Recognize, classify, and create geometric figures in 2 and 3 dimensions.
D3.   Create, identify, describe, and extend patterns

Common Core State Standards-Mathematics 2012


Measurement and Data

  • Describe and compare measurable attributes


  • Identify and describe shapes
  • Analyze, compare, create, and compose shapes

Grade 1:

Measurement and Data

  • Measure lengths indirectly and by iterating length units


  • Reason with shapes and their attributes

Grade 2:

Measurement and Data

  • Measure and estimate lengths in standard units
  • Relate addition and subtraction to length


  • Reason with shapes and their attributes

Science and Technology  1997
A-4: Classification system for objects.
G-2: Shadows change based on where light is coming from.
I-1: Ways to describe motion of an object.
I-2: Motion of an object can be changed.
J-1: Observations using appropriate tools and units of measure.
L-1: Describe and compare by number, shape, texture, size, weight, color, and behavior.

Science and Technology 2007
A1.   Systems
A2.   Models
A3.   Constancy and Change
A4.   Scale
B2.   Skills and Traits of Technological Design
C2.   Understanding about Science and Technology
D4.   Force and Motion
E1.   Biodiversity

Social Studies  1997
Civics and Government
D-1: Other nations with different traditions and practices.
A-2: Similarities and differences among historical events.
C-1: Artifacts and documents to gather information about the past.

Social Studies  2007
D1.   Geographic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
E1.   Historical Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
E2.   Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in History

Visual and Performing Arts  1997
A-1: Characteristics and purposes of the arts to communicate ideas, feelings, and meaning.
A-2: Experiment with art forms.
A-3: Differences in the materials and techniques used to produce selected art works.
A-8: Vocabulary to explain ideas in the arts.
A-10: Ways the arts can be used in interdisciplinary activities.
B-1: Major styles and techniques of the arts from different cultural or ethnic groups.
B-2: Common subjects and central ideas in works from different cultures.
B-5: Original works that integrate one or more of the characteristics and purposes of artworks from different cultures (include own community and culture).
C-2: Qualities of works of art, music, dance, and drama in relation to the senses of sight, hearing, movement, and feeling.

Visual and Performing Arts   2007
Visual Arts
A1.   Artist’s Purpose
A2.   Elements of Art and Principles of Design
A3.   Media, Tools, Techniques, and Processes
B1.   Media Skills
B2.   Composition Skills
B3.   Making Meaning
D1.   Aesthetics and Criticism
E1.   The Arts and History and World Culture
E2.   The Arts and Other Disciplines
E3.   Goal-Setting
E4.   Impact of the Arts on Lifestyle and Career
E5.   Interpersonal Skills