3-4 Learning Results

3-4 Learning Results

This section has been updated to include the new Maine Learning Results, "Parameters for Essential Instruction," which were adopted by the state legislature in 2007. They are presented at the level of Development Standards. The 1997 Performance Indicators have been condensed slightly to conserve space.

Please note that the 1997 Learning Results divide grade groupings into Grades 3-4 and 5-8, while the 2007 Learning Results divide grades into Grades 3-5 and 6-8.

The Common Core State Standards were added in November 2012.

Career Preparation 1997  (Grades 3-4)
A-3: Connections between locally generated products and services and the efforts required to create them.
C-3: Academic knowledge and skills required in specific areas.

Common Core State Standards-English Language Arts 2012

The CCSI College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for English Language Arts  and Literacy in History/Social Studies/, Science, and Technical Subjects for Grades K – 5 cover Speaking and Listening, Reading Literature and Informational Texts, Language, Writing, and Foundational Skills (Foundational Skills are for grades K – 2 only.)  All of the standards within the ELA categories may be addressed using the content provided in Maine and the Orient, depending on the activities implemented by the teacher. Some suggested activities are provided online, but many more are possible, especially using the books listed in the Resource Section. Therefore, it is not possible to closely align CCSI ELA standards with the Web chapters, as any or all of the standards may well apply.

Where to Find More Detailed Maritime History/CCSI ELA Alignment

In contrast to Penobscot Bay History Online, Penobscot Marine Museum’s Maritime History and Literacy Curriculum uses the online maritime history content as the jumping-off point for an actual curriculum. The Curriculum is available as museum-taught units or in the form of “History Kits” that may be rented by classrooms. Each Curriculum unit offers six weeks’ worth of lesson plans including literacy activities, games, and projects designed to help students learn about a topic and practice literacy skills at the same time.  In contrast to the chapters of Penobscot Bay History Online, which are intended to provide an overview of a topic, the Curriculum is sequential, detailed, and activity-based, and includes essential questions and suggested assessments. It is directed at elementary age students. Each unit of the Curriculum includes a listing of specific CCSI ELA and Math objectives that correspond with the activities within that unit. Each unit also includes the relevant Maine Learning Results for other content areas. The online chapters, on the other hand, constitute a resource for teachers, students, and anyone interested in history.

The Curriculum Unit/History Kit most closely aligned with this web chapter is called “Maine and the Orient.”

Health and Physical Education  2007  (Grades 3-5)
D1. Influences on Health Practices/Behaviors

Mathematics  1997  (Grades 3-4)
C-2: Read and interpret displays of data.
E-2: Experiment with shapes and figures: make generalizations about congruency, symmetry, and similarity.
F-1: Real-life problems involving measurement: time, length, area, perimeter, weight, temperature, mass, capacity, and volume.
I-1: Organized lists, tree diagrams, Venn diagrams, and networks.

Mathematics  2007  (Grades 3-5)
Grade 3
A1. Number notation and place value to 10,000
A2. Add and subtract whole numbers with up to 4 digits
B1. Measurement of time and temperature
B2. Bar graphs
C2. Distance around a figure
D3. Relationships among positive whole numbers
Grade 4
A1. Number notation and place value to 100,000
B1. Measurement of time, capacity, and temperature
B2. Tables, line plots, and bar graphs
C2. Area of a figure
D3. Relationships between quantities and extension of sequences
Grade 5
A1. Number notation to 10 million
B1. Measurement of elapsed time, temperature, capacity, mass, and weight
B2. Line graphs
C3. Area of triangles and quadrilaterals
D3. Represent and analyze relationships between quantities

Common Core State Standards-Mathematics 2012

Grade 3:

Operations and Algebraic Thinking

  • Solve problems involving the four operations, and identify and explain patterns in arithmetic

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Use place value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic

Number and Operations—Fractions

  • Develop understanding of fractions as numbers

Measurement and Data

  • Solve problems involving measurement and estimation of intervals of time, liquid volumes, and masses of objects
  • Represent and interpret data
  • Geometric measurement: understand concepts of area and relate area to multiplication and to addition
  • Geometric measurement: recognize perimeter as an attribute of plane figures and distinguish between linear and area measures.


  • Reason with shapes and their attributes

Grade 4:

Operations and Algebraic Thinking

  • Use the four operations with whole  numbers to solve problems

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Generalize place value understanding for multi-digit whole numbers
  • Use place value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic

Number and Operations—Fractions

  • Extend understanding of fraction equivalence and ordering
  • Understand decimal notation for fractions, and compare decimal fractions

Measurement and Data

  • Solve problems involving measurement and conversion of measurements from a larger unit to a smaller unit
  • Represent and interpret data
  • Geometric measurement: understand concepts of angle and measure angles


  • Draw and identify liens and angles, and classify shapes by properties of their lines and angles

Grade 5:

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Understand place  value system
  • Perform operations with multi-digit whole numbers and with decimals to hundredths

Measurement and Data

  • Convert like measurement units within a given measurement system
  • Represent and interpret data
  • Geometric measurement: understand concepts of volume and relate volume to multiplication and to addition


  • Graph points on the coordinate plane to solve real-world and mathematical problems
  • Classify two-dimensional figures into categories based on their properties

Science and Technology  1997  (Grades 3-4)
I-2: How amount of force affects motion of objects.
J-1: Observations using appropriate tools and units of measure.
K-1: Alternative explanations for observed phenomena.
M-1: How cultures have found different technological solutions to deal with similar needs or problems.
M-3: How technology (e.g., transportation, irrigation) has altered human settlement.

Science and Technology  2007  (Grades 3-5)
A1. Systems
A2. Models
A3. Constancy and Change
A4. Scale
B2. Skills and Traits of Technological Design
C3. Science, Technology, and Society
D4. Force and Motion
E1. Biodiversity
E2. Ecosystems

Social Studies  1997  (Grades 3-4)
Civics and Government
D-1: How the United States interacts with other countries (e.g., trade and treaties).
D-2: Compare a foreign culture to that of the United States. Include analysis of how decisions are made.
A-2: Chronological order: significant events, groups, and people in Maine history.
B-2: Awareness of major events and people in U. S. and Maine history.
C-1: Changes currently occurring in their daily lives; compare to changes in daily life during a specific historic era.
A-2: Locate major cities of the world; why they emerged in that particular region.
A-1: Barter and money: how each is used in the exchange of resources, goods, and services.
B-1: Basic economic questions: What to produce?  How? For whom?
C-1: How selected cultures or countries meet basic human needs.
D-1: How the exchange of goods and services help create economic interdependence between different places and countries.

Social Studies  2007  (Grades 3-5)
Civics and Government
B3. Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Civics and Government
C1. Economic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
D1. Geographic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
D2. Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Geography
E1. Historical Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
E2. Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in History

Visual and Performing Arts  1997  (Grades 3-4)
B-2: How cultural values are shown through the arts.
B-3: Roles of visual and performing artists in various settings and cultures.
B-4: Characteristics of works in two or more visual and performing art forms that share a similar subject matter, historical period, or cultural context.
C-4: Content and styles in various art forms.

Visual and Performing Arts  2007  (Grades 3-5)
E1. The Arts and History and World Cultures
E2. The Arts and Other Disciplines