Chinese Opium Trade

Beeching, Jack. The Chinese Opium Wars. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1975.

Booth, Martin. Opium: A History. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1998.

Hodgson, Barbara. Opium: A Portrait of the Heavenly Demon. San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1999.

Layton, Thomas N. The Voyage of the “Frolic”: New England Merchants and the Opium Trade. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1997.

Stackpole, Edouard. Captain Prescott and the Opium Smugglers. With illustrations of the Chinese scene and period of 1840-1850, together with famous ship masters and ships which made history on the China coast. Mystic, CT: Marine Historical Association, 1954. Letters from Captain Prescott to his mother and brother in New York. Copies at Penobscot Marine Museum.