5-8 Learning Results

5-8 Learning Results

This section has been updated to include the new Maine Learning Results, "Parameters for Essential Instruction," which were adopted by the state legislature in 2007. They are presented at the level of Development Standards. The 1997 Performance Indicators have been condensed slightly to conserve space.

Please note that the 1997 Learning Results divide grade groupings into Grades 3-4 and 5-8, while the 2007 Learning Results divide grades into Grades 3-5 and 6-8.

The Common Core State Standards were added in November 2012.

Career Preparation  1997  (Grades 5-8)
D-1: How history, the environment, the economy, or personal characteristics may affect individual and family choices.

Common Core State Standards-English Language Arts 2012

Grades 6-8

Reading Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies

Key Ideas and Details

2. Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions

Craft and Structure

4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies

5. Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally)

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

7. Integrate visual information (e.g., in charts, graphs, photographs, videos, or maps) with other information in print and digital texts

9. Analyze the relationship between a primary and secondary source on the same topic

Writing Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies

Text Types and Purposes

2. Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/experiments, or technical processes

Research to Build and Present Knowledge

7. Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question) drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions that allow for multiple avenues of exploration

8. Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively

Health and Physical Education  1997  (Grades 5-8)
Health Education
A-3: Effects that risky behaviors have on personal health, e.g., ...drugs. (opium)
D-1: Influence of cultural beliefs on health behaviors and the use of health services.

Health and Physical Education  2007  (Grades 6-8)
D1. Influences on Health Practices/Behaviors

Mathematics  1997  (Grades 5-8)
B-2: Multi-step, real-life problems including those with ratio and proportion.
C-1: Mean, median, mode, and range.
E-3: Coordinate system to define and locate position.
F-1: Systems of measurement.
F-2: Concepts that can be measured directly, or indirectly (e.g., rate).
F-3: Length, area, volume, and corresponding units, square units, and cubic units of measure.
G-1: Represent relationships: tables, graphs, and equations.
I-1: Networks: explain practical situations or solve problems.

Mathematics  2007  (Grades 6-8)
Grade 6
A2. Fractions and decimals.
A3. Add, subtract, multiply, and divide numbers with fractions and decimals.
A4. Express relative quantities as percentages, decimals, and fractions.
B1. Convert within measurement systems.
B2. Pie charts.
B3. Mean, median, mode, and range.
C1. Represent solid figures in two dimensions.
C2. Perimeter and area of geometric figures.
C5. Proportional/scale relationships for measurement.
D3. Analyze relationships between quantities.
Grade 7
A5. Numbers using scientific notation from real-life contexts.
B1. Graphs and charts to represent, organize, interpret, and draw inferences from data.
C2. Solve problems involving perimeter and area.
C3. Concept of scale drawings.
D3. Proportional relationships.
Grade 8
A1. Numbers using scientific notation from real-life contexts.
B1. Derived measures.
B2. Convert across and within measurement systems.
B3. Mean, median, mode, range, and quartiles.
C1. Properties of polygons.
C4. Volume and surface area of solid figures and composed figures.

Common Core State Standards-Mathematics 2012

Grade 6:

Ratios and Proportional Relationships

  • Understand ratio concepts and use ratio reasoning to solve problems

Expressions and Equations

  • Represent and analyze quantitative relationships between dependent and independent variables


  • Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving area, surface area, and volume

Statistics and Probability

  • Develop understanding of statistical variability
  • Summarize and describe distributions

Grade 7:

Ratios and Proportional Relationships

  • Analyze proportional relationships and use them to solve real-world and mathematical problems

Expressions and Equations

  • Solve real-life and mathematical problems using numerical and algebraic expressions and equations


  • Draw, construct and describe geometrical figures and describe the relationships between them
  • Solve real-life and mathematical problems involving angle measure, area, surface area, and volume

Statistics and Probability

  • Draw informal comparative inferences about two populations

Grade 8:


  • Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving volume of cylinders, cones and spheres

Science and Technology  1997  (Grades 5-8)
I-2: Describe motion of objects (e.g., speed, distance, time, acceleration).
L-4: Scale drawings, maps, and three-dimensional models: represent real objects, locations, and relationships.
M-2: Historical and cultural conditions at the time of an invention or discovery, and analyze its societal impacts.
M-7: Connections between industry, natural resources, population, and economic development.
M-9: Scientific and technological contributions of diverse people including women, different ethnic groups, races, and physically disabled.
Science and Technology  2007  (Grades 6-8)
A1. Systems
A2. Models
A3. Constancy and Change
A4. Scale
B2. Skills and Traits of Technological Design
C3. Science, Technology, and Society
C4. History and Nature of Science
E1. Biodiversity
E2. Ecosystems

Social Studies  1997  (Grades 5-8)
Civics and Government
B-1: Compare leadership and civil rights in our democracy to their status under an authoritarian type government.
D-1: Ways the U. S. government has attempted to resolve an international problem.
A-1: Effects of historical changes on daily life.
A-2: Sequence of major events and people in the history of Maine, the U. S., and selected world civilizations.
A-3: Simultaneous events in various parts of the world during a specific era.
B-1: Causes and effects of major events in U. S. history and their connections to Maine history with an emphasis on events up to 1877.
B-2: Selected themes in Maine, U. S., and world history (e.g., revolution, technological innovation, migration).
C-4: Ethnic and cultural perspectives missing from an historical account: describe these points of view.
B-3: How cultures differ in their use of similar environments and resources.
EconomicsA-1: How scarcity affects individuals’ decisions about production and consumption of goods and services.
B-1: Economic concepts of supply, demand, price, the role of money, and profit and loss.
C-2: How different economies meet basic wants and needs over time.
D-1: How changes in transportation and communication technologies have affected trade.
D-2: How world trade issues can affect a nation’s economy and how trade can influence and transform societies.
D-3: Why trade allows specialization: identify examples of how nations specialize.

Social Studies  2007  (Grades 6-8)
A1. Researching and Developing Positions on Current Social Studies Issues
Civics and Government
B1. Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns of Civics/Government
B3. Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Civics and Government
C1. Economic Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
C2. Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Economics
D1. Geographic Knowledge, concepts, Themes, and Patterns
D2. Individual, Cultural, International, and global Connections in Geography
E1. Historical Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns
E2. Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in History

Visual and Performing Arts  1997  (Grades 5-8)
B-1: Classify art works, which represent various cultures, by genre and style, identifying their distinguishing characteristics.
B-2: Compare and contrast the characteristics and purposes of the arts from various cultures, historical periods, and social groups.
B-4: Compare the characteristics and purposes of works, in two or more art forms, that share similar subject matter, historical periods, ethics, or cultural context.

Visual and Performing Arts  2007  (Grades 6-8)
E1. The Arts and History and World Culture
E2. The Arts and Other Disciplines